The aggressive forms neoliberalism has taken against lives in the urban spaces under austerity, such in the city of Madrid, have triggered urban struggles to reproduce dignified lives and the radicalization of the forms of doing politics. Thus, radical urban struggles such as the processes of food autonomy triggered by the 15M movement, which since 2011 have enlarged the practice of autonomy and the prefigurative politics on the city of Madrid. Radicalization that has led to problematize the basic reproduction functions of food production and consumption and to embrace the radical practice of agroecology to regain food autonomy. Moreover, food autonomy being addressed not only by the production and reproduction of radical spaces and practices, but through the promotion of “agroecologist policies”. Agroecologist policies to promote sustainable local agrifood systems designed and propose by the “new institution”, “Plataforma por un Madrid Agroecologico” (Platform for an Agroecologist Madrid), to the new local governments triggered by the 15M movement since 2015. Therefore, radical practices, spaces and agroecologist policies that are dealing with the new needs arose in the city of Madrid since 2011, and that are currently reshaping the landscape and life reproduction on this city.